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Let's Know all about Infertility:

Infertility has become suddenly the often heard term. This is not only because that we live in a world that has undergone a great change when it comes to the lifestyle. The food we consume has become less nutritional, and we go for junk foods instead of healthy foods. Also, a sedentary lifestyle takes a toll with the healthy living. Know about infertility and be aware of what you should do to solve the issues.

Infertility is the condition when a couple does not get a child, or the female partner does not get pregnant even after unprotected intercourse for a year. Look at the causes of infertility in men and women:

In women, infertility can be due to:

  Ovulation disorders 

  Blockage in fallopian tubes

  Cervical factors 

  Presence of fibroids in the uterus and abnormal shape of a uterus

  Unexplained causes

In men, infertility can be due to

  Zero sperm count

  Less sperm count 

  Poor motility of sperms 

  Ejaculation problems

  Erectile dysfunctions 

  Genetic issues

In both men and women, infertility can be due to obesity, lack of exercises, and stress.

In females, PCOS or PCOD  ( polycystic ovarian syndrome or Polycystic ovarian disease ) is one of the most common reason these days. The most important reason for the increasing prevalence of PCOD or PCOS is lifestyle deterioration in today's era. It is a genetic disorder usually seen in women with a family history of diabetes. It affects from adolescent age till menopause. Its symptoms are worsened by obesity. In adolescent age, it leads to menstrual irregularity, acne, and excessive hair growth. During the reproductive age, it leads to infertility due ovulation problems. During pregnancy, these women are at higher risk of developing diabetes. In older age groups this disorder makes women prone to diabetes, heart disease, and uterine cancer. We can effectively tackle both by adopting a healthy lifestyle like diet control and regular exercise.

Unexplained infertility also is very common approximately 10 - 30 %. We call it unexplained when all routine tests like semen analysis, tests to detect ovulation and tubes and uterus are normal with a normal sexual life of a couple. The latest guidelines for treatment of unexplained infertility suggest that we should leave the couple alone for 2 years and if there is no conception in 2 years IVF should be offered straight away. IUI has got the very little role in the management of unexplained infertility. 

When you go for infertility treatment, you should provide complete medical and sexual history to the doctor to get the appropriate results. Infertility is no more an incurable disorder. You might need a short course of medication most of the times. Even if the medication fails, you have other procedures to help in getting pregnant.

When the medications fail, the doctors suggest IUI, and in case IUI does not render the results, IVF is sought after. Modern methods like ICSI offer great success rates. The earlier you contact the doctor, the faster and better the results are.

With modern advancements in technology and the medical field, you can get your dream of delivering a child in a short span of time.